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First off: there is nothing terrible about burping. It’s all just air getting released from your stomach—and that’s generally a good thing. It keeps you comfortable and signifies that your digestive system is doing its job.
But if you’ve got excessive burping, or if your burps come with other weird symptoms, it may be a sign something’s a little off.
How much burping is considered ‘excessive’?
‘If you’re burping to the point where it’s bothersome and that’s happening three or more days a week, that’s when you should talk to a doctor,’ says Dr.Rabia De Latour, a gastroenterologist and advanced endoscopist at NYU School of Medicine.
The first thing your doc will do is ask you about any daily habits you have that might be contributing to the problem.
‘Aerophasia,’ or swallowing air, is by the far the most common cause of mega-burping, De Latour says. It’s so common, in fact, that you may not even realise you’re doing it (like while drinking fizzy drinks or chewing gum). All that swallowed air gets trapped in your esophagus and stomach and it has to get out somehow.
Aerophasia doesn’t mean you’re sick; it’s a condition that you can fix by changing your behaviours (like cutting back on the fizzy drinks or chewing with your mouth closed). ‘Burping by itself is almost never a sign of illness,’ says Dr. Julia Kavanagh, an internal medicine physician with UCHealth.
But there are times when recurrent burping can signify a more serious, underlying problem—especially when it’s happening in conjunction with other symptoms, says Kavanagh.
Excessive burping symptoms that should raise a red flag:
1/ You suddenly start vomiting
If your burps come on quickly out of nowhere, and are accompanied with nausea and lots of vomiting, this could signal a potentially life-threatening condition, says De Latour.
‘If you can’t keep anything down and your stomach is distended and painful it can mean you have a blockage or bowel obstruction,’ she explains. In that case, you need to go to the emergency room immediately, she adds.
2/ You feel really bloated
A puffy stomach can happen from swallowing too much air, but if you’re extremely bloated and it’s painful, it can be another symptom of an obstruction. If normal methods don’t relieve it or if you start vomiting, get it checked out immediately, says De Latour.
Bloating isn’t always serious though—it can also happen with irritable bowel syndrome and lactose intolerance, two other conditions known to give people the burps, she adds.
3/ You feel a really sharp pain in your ribs
Hiatal hernias—a condition where your stomach bulges into your esophagus—can cause recurrent burping, says Kavanagh. On its own, a hiatal hernia isn’t an emergency, but it can be very uncomfortable.
There’s also risk the hernia will become ‘strangulated’—when the hernia cuts off blood supply to the rest of the abdomen, according to Harvard Health Publishing. A strangulated hiatal hernia requires emergency surgery, and can be fatal if left untreated.
4/ Your throat is on fire
If you burp a lot after a meal, your burps taste like stomach acid (a.k.a. sick-flavoured), and you feel a burning sensation in your chest, you may have gastroesophageal reflux, says Kavanagh.
‘Burping associated with symptoms of reflux should be attended to,’ she explains. ‘It’s not good to have frequent acid reflux, it can be hard on your esophagus.’
5/ You’re losing weight (without trying to)
Losing weight rapidly, along with burping, is another sign of a bowel blockage, says Latour.
Losing weight slowly, however, and when you’re not necessarily trying to, can mean you’re not digesting your food properly and your doctor will want to check you for conditions like IBS, food allergies, or Crohn’s disease, Kavanagh says. Rarely, burping combined with weight loss can be a sign of stomach cancer, she adds.
6/ Your internal plumbing isn’t working like it should
When burping occurs with other gastrointestinal issues, including diarrhea, constipation, and farting, it can indicate an underlying condition like IBS, lactose intolerance, or food sensitivities, says De Latour.
Seriously on the struggle bus? Make a complete list of all your symptoms (even the embarrassing ones!) to give it to your doctor when you go in for your appointment, so they can quickly identify your burping triggers.
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